read passages several times to gain a full understanding. A significant element in being active is to write down, in your own words, the key points. Are there any gaps? . Both reading and thinking critically dont mean being critical about some idea, argument, or piece of writing - claiming that it is somehow faulty or flawed. The first step to efficient reading is to become selective. You can then examine the contents page and/or index of a book or journal to ascertain whether a chapter or article is worth pursuing further. Critical Thinking is an Extension of Critical Reading. Having questions changes reading from a passive to an active pursuit. . This involves careful consideration of the meaning of what the author is trying to convey and involves being critical as well as active. Reading critically does not, necessarily, mean being critical of what you read.
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Following SQ3R SQ3R is a well-known strategy for reading. . Question It is important that, before you begin to read, you have a question or set of questions that will guide you - why am I reading this? . Speed reading is also often referred to as skim-reading or scanning. . Review The final step is to review the material that you have recalled in your notes. . Recall Regardless of how interesting an article or chapter is, unless you make a concerted effort to recall what you have just read, you will forget a lot of the important points. . Developing a Reading Strategy, you will, in formal learning situations, be required to read and critically think about a lot of information from different sources. At this initial stage you will be attempting to gain the general gist of the material in question. When reading academic material you will be faced with the authors interpretation and opinion. .
Critical reading means being able to reflect on what a text says, what it describes and what it means by scrutinising the style and structure of the writing, the language used as well as the content. When you find a relevant or interesting section you will need to slow your reading speed dramatically, allowing you to gain a more in-depth understanding of the arguments raised. . Critical reading and critical thinking are therefore the very foundations of true learning and personal development. When you have a purpose to your reading you want to learn and retain certain information. .