of grammar is still required when learning a foreign language-perhaps I should say, "is again required for during my own lifetime, we passed through a phase when the teaching of declensions and conjugations was considered rather reprehensible, and it was considered better. By treating each new building as its own heroic surge, he told me, weve impoverished, in some sense, the various scales at which cities function. He, having learned by experience the best way to economize labor and take the thing by the right end, will start off by doodling about on an odd piece of material, in order to "give himself the feel of the tool.". We will endow them with exceptionally docile parents; we will staff our school with teachers who are themselves perfectly familiar with the aims and methods of the Trivium; we will have our building and staff large enough to allow our classes to be small enough. For the sole true end of education is simply this: to teach men how to learn for themselves; and whatever instruction fails to do this is effort spent in vain. Since no subject is considered as an evil in itself, any kind of rivalry in the staff-room will be sadly out of place. . Russian is, of course, helpful with the other Slav dialects. Taken by and large, the great difference of emphasis between the two conceptions holds good: modern education concentrates on "teaching subjects leaving the method of thinking, arguing, and expressing one's conclusions to be picked up by the scholar as he goes along' mediaeval education concentrated.
Criticism must not be merely destructive; though at the same time both teacher and pupils must be ready to detect fallacy, slipshod reasoning, ambiguity, irrelevance, and redundancy, and to pounce upon them like rats. Many lessons-on whatever subject-will take the form of debates; and the place of individual or choral recitation will be taken by dramatic performances, with special attention to plays in which an argument is stated in dramatic form. By this time, he would have learned-or woe betide him- not merely to write an essay on paper, but to speak audibly and intelligibly from a platform, and to use his wits quickly when heckled. And when you think of this, and think that most of our public affairs are settled by debates and committees, have you ever felt a certain sinking of the heart? There have also been successful language revitalizations, where languages in decline have recovered. Our Reading will proceed from narrative and lyric to essays, argument and criticism, and the pupil will learn to try his own hand at writing this kind of thing. For as, in the first part, the master faculties are Observation and Memory, so, in the second, the master faculty is the Discursive Reason. Other languages, with smaller userbases and no literary tradition like Cherokee's to buoy them, have died entirely. Now that the Amerindian languages of North America are in the precarious situation they are, though, simply leaving them alone will not cause their extinction trends to end. Linguists have a variety of grim-sounding terms for languages with few or no native speakers.