that question, but looking at the numbers in the table above, we can see pretty quickly that while 1 citation is pretty different from 2 citations, 38 citations is pretty much the. Id love to make a clever free alternative (. It may happen that you dont have access to certain literature that could have served as a reference. Economics: highest, 32; average reference per page, 1 but. Here's a rough guide to help you get the balance right for any piece of academic work: Introduction, your introduction should make up approximately 10 of your essay. Staa Milojevi, How are academic age, productivity and collaboration related to citing behavior of researchers? How Many References Should I Include in a Research Paper? They additionally show that you've thought carefully about how each source relates to the subject you're writing about. A hundred citations is clearly highly impactful regardless of the year the paper was published.
How Many References Should I Include in a Research Paper
But the important point to consider is, you should not avoid the most promising literature in your relevant field. Citations were rare, but articles were excellent.
About a fifth of the papers have no citations at all. They can be used to indicate that an idea, concept, fact or theory has come directly from a particular reference. Make sure to balance your discussion with external literature citations. Additionally, readers might be concerned that you may have plagiarized by failing to properly cite information. If either rule is violated, something is wrong. Universality of Performance Indicators based on Citation and Reference Counts. 1 but with the x axis on a log scale to make the data a bit easier to read its immediately clear that citations arent normally distributed.
Be careful about citing old references. Each main point you make should typically use 1-3 paragraphs, which should average around 200-400 words in total. Immediately we see that the most recent papers dont have many highly cited articles, so the first thing we should do is normalize by year.