edit 23 August demonstration. Beginning in 1974, systematization consisted largely of the demolition and reconstruction of existing villages, towns, and cities, in whole or in part, with the stated goal of turning Romania into a "multilaterally developed socialist society ". 25 Despite all this, living standards in the country remained some of Europe's lowest and as early as 1981, there were clear signs of public discontent, such as riots and an angry mob throwing rocks at Ceauescu's helicopter while it made a flight to Transylvania. This prevented the rise of the Gorbachev -era reformist communism found in Hungary or the Soviet Union. 2 In the 1960s and 1970s, Nicolae Ceauescu became General Secretary of the Communist Party (1965 Chairman of the State Council (1967) and assumed the newly established role of President in 1974. Ceausescu also started becoming the subject of a vast personality cult, his portrait on every street and hanging in every public building. At a plenary PMR meeting in March 1956, Miron Constantinescu and Iosif Chiinevschi, both Politburo members and deputy premiers, criticized Gheorghiu-Dej. He was forced to hide himself in the CC Building after losing control of his own "supporters". The country was a, soviet-aligned. Isbn via Clays Ltd.
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The PMR purged Constantinescu and Chiinevschi in 1957, denouncing both as Stalinists and charging them with complicity with Pauker. 3, Vol.31, 1985, page(s 141152 "- Human Development Reports" (PDF). Ceauescu desired to repay Western loans, and thus enacted a harsh austerity policy, including rationing of food, gas, heating and electricity. "Henry Shapiro, "Red Cultural Influence Vanishing in Romania United Press International published in the Wilmington (N.C.) 'Star-News July 16, 1965". During debates over the overall number of victims of the Communist government between 19, Corneliu Coposu spoke of 282,000 arrests and 190,000 deaths in custody. From 1950 to the mid-1980s, average net wages increased more than eightfold.
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